Photograph by Ricardo Funari
An HIV/AIDS rapid diagnostic test is administered in a trailer parked at a bus station in Brasilia, Brazil. This finger-prick test is simple to deliver and will yield results in 1 to 3 minutes.
Nearly half of all people with HIV around the world do not know they are infected, which means they can’t receive lifesaving antiretroviral medicines. People who are at highest risk of HIV infection are often the ones with the least access to testing services – in part due to fear of stigma, discrimination or criminalization.
Currently, there are efforts underway to design and scale-up HIV self-tests – rapid diagnostic tests that people can use in the privacy of their own homes. If done right, these innovations can help ensure everyone, everywhere knows their status – the first step to getting them the medicines they need.